32 Years of Action by Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira and the TFPs on Behalf of a Free Lithuania

On the initiative of Prof. Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira, TFPs in 20 countries around the world collected over 5 million signatures on behalf of Lithuania’s independence, the largest valid petition drive in history at that time.

32 Years of Action by Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira and the TFPs on Behalf of a Free Lithuania

Mikhail Gorbachev
On October 15, 1990, Mikhail Gorbachev, Secretary-General of the Communist Party of the USSR, received the Nobel Peace Prize.

In November 1989 a wave of discontent sweeping the countries behind the Iron Curtain caused the fall of the Berlin Wall. It was the beginning of an unstoppable avalanche that would overthrow the Soviet empire despite Gorbachev’s fallacious promises of Perestroika and Glasnost.

An important and even decisive step in the collapse of the Soviet colossus was taken by the Lithuanian Parliament on March 11, 1990, by declaring their country’s independence from the Moscow tyrants.

One of three Baltic countries facing the Russian Bear, tiny Lithuania unsuccessfully sought support from Western countries. In the United States, France, and elsewhere, its representatives received no support for their declaration of independence. Instead, they received defeatist advice trying to find a compromising solution with Moscow.

After receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, Gorbachev ordered the invasion of Lithuania. In the photo, Russian tanks crush Lithuanian citizens in Vilnius in January 1991.

Lithuania’s declaration of independence was in danger of becoming a vain act that could cast the country into a tremendous humiliation that would only contribute to burying its people’s yearnings for freedom for more decades to come.

In this gloomy panorama full of apprehensions for Lithuania, on the initiative of Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira, at the end of May 1990, the Brazilian TFP took to the streets to collect signatures in support of Lithuania’s independence. It was soon joined in the task by the other TFPs spread across five continents. In a little over four months, the TFPs in 20 countries collected the largest valid petition in history at the time totaling 5,218,520 signatures.

The TFP campaign, widely reported by the international media, gave Lithuanian patriots new encouragement and hope. They saw there were people worldwide — practically twice as numerous as its population — who stretched to them a helping hand with a word of encouragement. This moral support that the TFPs gave Lithuania was decisive for Lithuanians to not allow themselves to be bamboozled by the suggestions for compromise coming from all over the West.

TFPs’ delegation before St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow’s Red Square (December 6, 1990), after delivering the 5.2 million signatures to Gorbachev’s office along with a letter expounding the campaign on behalf of Lithuania’s independence.

After microfilms of all the signatures were delivered at the Kremlin in early December 1990, a delegation comprising members from various TFPs of the Americas and Europe traveled to the Lithuanian capital, Vilnius, where it was enthusiastically received at the train station.

The TFP delegation comprised of representatives from different nations and led by Dr. Caio Xavier da Silveira visited Lithuania, delivering the 5.2 million signatures to President Vytautas Landsbergis (seen here holding the official manuscript of the letter addressed to him), and met with the Lithuanian Parliament.
The Certificate of World Record for the largest valid petition containing 5,218,520 signatures cordinated by Tradition Family Property during the Summer of 1990 in support of Lithuania’s independence from the USSR. The listing appears on page 180 of the 1993 edition of The Guinness Book of Records.

The TFP delegation visited Parliament, where it met President Vytautas Landsbergis and various members of parliament. They also visited with high-ranking ecclesiastical authorities including the Cardinal Archbishop of Kaunas, Most Rev. Vincentas Sladkevicius.

On the occasion, both Cardinal Sladkevicius and President Landsbergis asked the TFP members to not forget their country. The Cardinal went so far as to express the desire that a TFP be founded in Lithuania.

“Baltic Chain”: event that took place on August 23, 1989 in the three Baltic countries (Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia) – then still Soviet Socialist Republics – when about two million people joined hands to form a human chain more than 600 km long crossing the three Baltic republics and passing by the three capitals (Vilnius, Tallinn and Riga, respectively). This unique demonstration was organized to draw the attention of world public opinion to the common fate that had befallen the three republics. In fact, its date coincided with the fiftieth anniversary of the signing of the secret agreement known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, by which the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany divided Eastern Europe into spheres of influence, leading to the occupation of the three states by the Soviets. The Soviet rulers only admitted the existence of that pact one week prior to the Baltic Chain. The protest was peaceful.

Fulfilling this request, since 1993 the TFPs have sent a delegation to visit Lithuania every year in the last week of August and the first week of September, maintaining the friendship of old while reaching out to the new generations of Lithuanians, already born under the wings of freedom.

The 2022 procession to Siluva, site of Our Lady’s apparition in 1608, and the country’s principle Marian shrine.


This year, another delegation of TFP Student Action Europe members participated in the celebrations.

Click here to see more photos and videos from this year's celebrations.

Historical videos:

Below are historical videos and photos from this epic campaign:

A TFP delegation in front of the walls of the Kremlin, where the communist flag still flies

A delegation composed of eleven members of the different TFPs, led by Dr Caio V. Xavier da Silveira, director of the TFP-bureau in Paris, personally delivered to President Vytautas Landsbergis, on 4 December 1990 in Vilnius, the microfilm of the monumental petition drive.

The delegation visiting many cities (and also small cities) of the country, to show the support against the comunist Soviet Union.